The Arena of Verona is a Roman amphitheater in the historic center of Verona, symbol of the city along with the figures of Romeo and Juliet. This is one of the great buildings that have characterized the architecture playful romana.Durante the summer is used for the famous opera festival and there are many singers and stage band. The lack of written sources about the opening of the amphitheater makes it very difficult to provide a safe history, so much so that in the past, several studies, there were very different dates, a period of time ranging from I to III century, although now has shown that it can not be built after the first century.
The historic Pirro Marconi inclined in particular for the construction of the second and third decade of the century, ie between the end of the Augustan period and the beginning of the Tiberian, and more recently Louis Beschi inclined towards the middle of that century. To date the Arena can be compared to the amphitheater of Pula, since the latter is more similar to that of Verona, in both appearance and for the technical style, and also belongs to the same geographical and cultural the similarities are such as to suggest that the two are by the same architect and the same maestranze.Per Pula’s amphitheater construction is generally dated in the Augustan period, it is likely that the Arena has been built around in the same year. Other elements are provided for a dating from the head of a gladiator-size, made of tuff, the head is enclosed in a helmet in which there are two round holes, from which one can see the eyes. The helmet consists of two parts that come together in exactly half of the face: these cheekpieces start at ear height but thin enough to extend to cover the whole face except the eyes.
They seem held together by two corrects crossed under the chin. This type of helmet is spread at the end of the Augustan period, or approximately between 10 and 20 AD, and already after 40 this type of helmet is changed again, this reduces the time frame can be built where the’amphitheater, between the end of the reign of Augustus to the beginning of one of Claudio. Considering that the statues were made at the end of the construction of the building one can assume that the arena was already full to the 30 AD as confirmed by the historical Pirro Marconi. Besides the helmet other decorations seem to bring this period to date the construction of the amphitheater.